It seems to me that all of us live in a world where everything resembles endlessly hungry for answers. If these answers are quick, easy to understand, appeal to the senses, unambiguous, defnitive, once-and-for-all, simple answers, the much better. We’ve been educated to love to be told what to do, how to solve our problems, how to live our lives to best effect (in the Polyanna’s world!). And this very attitude is picture even better in our place of work, bosses grind out the old chestnut, “Don’ bring me problems, bring me solutions.” Politicians running for office are expected to come up with the asnwers to the nation’s greatest difficulties, long before they ever get to the elected positon that would allow them to see any of the available, detailed information. In our personal lives as well, we want nice, simple recipes for coping, Hence the huge populartity of articles with titles like, “Five simple ways to…” or “How to deal with… once and for all.” But what if I suggested that answers aren’t all they’re expected to be; and that what you need most of all are more questions, even if you have no the foggiest idea of how to answer them.

As you can realize, answers prove too easily to be wrong

The main problem with answers is that they are quite often wrong: anywhere from totally, hopelessly wrong to just far enough off the right track to produce unexpected future problems. Questions are rarely wrong enough to be useless. Even the wrong questions can lead to unexpected but useful insights. The right question is worth much more than the right answer, since nearly every answer applies only in certain given circumstances, whereas a good question is a good question almost anywhere. Science used to be based rigorously on questions, not answers. Every ‘answer’ was judged to be no more than provisional—a theory only—waiting to be disproved by someone with better techniques, more data or greater insight. No area of scientific knowledge was out-of-bounds to questioners; however firmly, or for however long, its theories had been accepted. Sir Isaac Newton supplied the final answer to how the universe worked, until new techniques came along, Einstein arrived, and more than two centuries of scientific ‘knowledge’ was overturned. Now science too is pushed, pressurized and exhorted to produce definite answers, so that the conclusions of research are instantly announced as fact by the media—only to be overturned later by new ‘facts’.

Another thing about answers is that they represent dead ends

The more definitive and widely accepted the ‘answer’, the more it prevents people from seeing how it will turn out to be wrong. Once you think you know, for a fact, that things work in a particular way—or the answer to problem ‘a’ is always technique ‘b’—there’s no need to explore any further. Of course, over time, the world changes, but almost nobody looks to see if that affects what they already know for sure—until the unthinkable happens and our nice, simple answers stop working. Like the world of business and finance which is especially prone to relying on widely accepted ‘right’ answers—till they aren’t answers any more. Only then do people run around in a panic trying to find some other way. And when they find one, what do they do? You’ve got it. They quickly stop looking further. Having so many problems to deal with, they gratefully shelve that one as ’solved’ and forget about it.

And, unfortunately, answers seem to kill creativity and sound reasoning

Creativity is only needed when we don’t know the best way to do something — or suspect the accepted answer isn’t as good as everyone else seems to think. If we truly believe that there is one, right answer to a problem and we already know what it is, what is there to be creative about? Questions, of course, are exactly the opposite. They are the life-blood of all creativity. One of the main differences between naturally creative people and the rest is that the creative types are never satisfied with whatever answers they have. They distrust them on principle. Give them an answer and they get cranky and try to prove it isn’t an answer at all. Give them a question, and they’re as happy as a child playing in a sand pit. First they create this answer, only to trample it down and use the ’sand’ to build another one. What annoys ‘practical’ people about creative types is that they never stop asking questions. What drives creative people wild about ‘practical’ types is that they rarely start.

Thus, my advice is not to build our lives around of what we think we already know. Easy street is always a dead end

What takes this topic out of the realm of philosophy and into everyday life is the understanding that any life built around a set of supposedly firm, known answers is like a huge tree in the path of a hurricane. It looks wonderfully solid and unshakeable, but when the winds get wild enough, they are going to snap it into matchwood. With no capacity to bend or change under the onslaught, it either survives until the next attack — perhaps badly damaged — or is destroyed. All it can do is resist and hope for the best. People who know the answers in advance—or believe they do—suffer the same fate. They resist or ignore changing circumstances until something comes along that is stronger than they are. Then their carefully constructed, stable lives are ripped up and ruined. With no other options, and little practice in finding any, they are often damaged beyond repair. In contrast, the small bushes and saplings bend and twist. Some are uprooted and some are damaged, but most make it through, despite being far, far weaker than the great tree now lying dead and in ruins. Buildings designed to flex can survive earthquakes. Rigid ones collapse.

One can say that life is better built absolutely around questions

When we build our lives and careers around questions, we’re always looking to see how we can find better ways of dealing with whatever events throw at us. Since we don’t assume that attitude in which we supposedly know about all the answers, then we keep exploring—often finding along the way all kinds of unexpected and wonderful treasures we didn’t know were there. Change is easy and natural. If parts of our lives get blown apart, our creativity can quickly get to work to make good the damage. Even in bad times, we probably won’t just survive; we’ll find life’s storms have opened up pathways that weren’t open to us before.


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