Structuralism is a way of thinking whether in linguistics, sociology, ethnology, mathematics, psychology, the physical sciences, philosophy, literaly criticism, etc., that has as ist primary intention the construction of a theory of its object from which the fundamental characteristics of this object can be deduced.  In Biblical criticism, this theory or set of principles is at present primarily derived from other disciplines, from the structuralist anthropology of Claude Lévi-Strauss and from the structralist literary critic Roland Barthes, but especially from general linguistics such as that one of Ferdinand De Saussure. It is not the structure of texts, but the structure of language.


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